Several posts carry the title of Chancellor in the United Kingdom: In the United States, the only "chancellor" established by the federal government is the Chancellor of the Smithsonian Institution, a largely ceremonial office held by the Chief Justice of the United States. In most countries of Latin America, the equivalents to "chancellor" (Canciller in Spanish and Chanceler in Portuguese) are commonly used to refer to the post of foreign minister. In this special function the chancellor also sits in the Finnish Cabinet, the Finnish Council of State. chancellor (plural chancellors) 1. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/chancellor. For that reason, some observers refer to the German political system as a "chancellor democracy." Sebastian Kurz is the incumbent Bundeskanzler of Austria. [7][better source needed], In Estonia, a Chancellor (Kantsler) directs the work of a ministry and coordinates institutions subject to the ministry. The word is now used in the titles of many various officers in various settings (government, education, religion). Honorary title: chancellors who hold an honorary title are associated with a college or university for such purposes as fundraising and publicity, but do not have any authority in the college. An important notary; a person in charge of some area of government, often justice or finance. Around £291 million for further education in 2021-22 to ensure that core funding for 16- to 19-year-olds is maintained in real terms per learner. Chancellor or Grand Chancellor is the common translation of the Chinese title chengxiang or zaixiang, which in imperial China was the head of the government serving under the emperor. 2. countable noun. I have recently reached my first anniversary as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Nottingham. * Adenauer enabled Germany to emerge from the aftereffects of the war, and regain a lot of political capital. Neue Ostpolitik and the Warsaw kneefall. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, often abbreviated to the Chancellor, is a high ranking Minister of the Crown within the Government of the United Kingdom, and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.As one of the four Great Offices of State, the chancellor is a senior member of the British Cabinet. as the Chancellor arrived {n} a great officer of state, a judge The Chancellor of a British university is the official head of the university. www.ge.ch/chancellerie/services-cha.asp retrieved March 2018. How to use chancellor in a sentence. Until about the 13th century, few people besides priests, clerks, and monks were literate, and the chancellor was thus an ecclesiastic. In Finland the Chancellor of Justice (Oikeuskansleri, Justitiekanslern) supervises the legality of actions taken by the government and monitors the implementation of basic civil liberties. Chancellor, in western Europe, the title of holders of numerous offices of varying importance, mainly secretarial, legal, administrative, and ultimately political in nature. This article is about the governmental official title. …submitted to Parliament by the chancellor of the Exchequer, who is responsible for its preparation. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. It has been a stimulating year, and I have learned an enormous amount from colleagues, students and the external stakeholders I have engaged with over the last 12 … 1. the British cabinet minister responsible for finance 2. the person who is head of government (in several countries) 3. the honorary or titular head of a university Familiarity information: CHANCELLOR used as a noun is uncommon. Often he appeared to be the real leader of the government. A "State Chancellor" (German: Staatskanzler) was head of government in, and their national/public/official authorities, heads of currently or formerly sovereign royal families, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 15:06. In Sweden the Chancellor of Justice or Justitiekanslern acts as the Solicitor General for the Swedish Government. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Chancellor is the title of the head of government in Germany and Austria . From 1660 until 1848, the title continued as "Grand Chancellor" or "President of the Danish Chancellery", and was replaced in 1730 by the title "Minister of Domestic Affairs". Chancellor is the title of the head of government in Germany and Austria. They handle non-academic matters such as violations of behavior. Bundeskanzlerin is the exclusively feminine form. Between 1934 and 1945, Adolf Hitler, the dictatorial head of state and government of Nazi Germany, was officially called "Führer und Reichskanzler" (literally "Leader and Chancellor of the Reich"). The emphasis of the chancellor’s budget speech is on taxation and the state of the economy, rather than on the detail of expenditures; public discussion is devoted mainly to the chancellor’s tax proposals. For that reason, some observers refer to the German political system as a “chancellor democracy.”. In Germany many heads of university administration carry the title Kanzler (Chancellor) while the academical heads carry the title Rektor (Rector). Head of a chancery. The former German Empire, the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany had the equivalent position of Reichskanzler ("Chancellor of the Reich") as the head of the executive. As an example, see the Texas Annual Conference of the United Methodist Church (www.txcumc.org). The chancellor must also manage a campus that is an economic and innovation engine, injecting $16.5 billion into the state economy each year. The Chancellor participates in the meetings of the seven Federal Councilors with a consultative vote and prepares the reports on policy and activities of the council to parliament (assembly). In a few instances, the term chancellor applies to a student or faculty member in a high school or an institution of higher learning who is either appointed or elected as chancellor to preside on the highest ranking judicial board or tribunal. He or she is elected by the Swiss Federal Assembly (Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala, Bundesversammlung) to head the Federal Chancellery (German: Bundeskanzlei) — the general staff of the seven-member executive Federal Council, the Swiss federal government. The Chancellor gets elected by the Bundestag once the proposal of the President is made. A chancellor is a college official whose role varies from institution to institution. New York State also has a Chancellor of the University of the State of New York, the body that licenses and regulates all educational and research institutions in the state and many professions (not to be confused with the State University of New York, an actual institution of higher learning). This is in addition to the £400 million that the government provided in 2019’s spending review. College chancellors are senior administrators responsible for leading, guiding and mentoring staff, faculty and students. Governments are often formed of coalitions of two or more parties so that they can attain a majority in the Bundestag. While the Annual Conference usually hires outside professional counsel in matters that require legal representation, that hiring and representation is done under the supervision, and with the consent, of the Conference Chancellor.[12]. See more. The chancellor is a notary, so that he may certify official documents, and often has other duties at the discretion of the bishop of the diocese: he may be in charge of some aspect of finances or of managing the personnel connected with diocesan offices, although his delegated authority cannot extend to vicars of the diocesan bishop, such as vicars general, episcopal vicars or judicial vicars. A secretary to a monarch or noble. The first of these functions still constitutes an important part of its activities in Geneva and other cantons. The Chancellorship was largely a powerless position in the last years of the Republic, especially after the Ruusan Reformations, and the Chancellor served mainly as an officiator of parliamentary procedure and the first among equals in the Senate. A chancellor's office is called a chancellery or chancery. Nowadays the term is most often used to describe: The Chancellor of Austria, denominated Bundeskanzler for males and Bundeskanzlerin for females ("Federal Chancellor"), is the title of the head of the Government of Austria. For other uses, see, Grundgesetz der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. IF student intern Hugh Nicholl interprets the SR2020 from the perspective of younger and future generations, and shows why tentative steps towards reform to RPI, likewise … The Chancellor directs the staff of the Executive Council, supports the President of the Government and the Executive Council in the performance of their duties, and usually participates as an advisor to the President of the Grand Council in Grand Council sessions.[4]. Judges who sit on those courts are called chancellors. This assures a stable government. In previous centuries, the Lord Chancellor was the sole judge in the. The chancellor is elected by the Bundestag (lower house of the Federal Parliament) … He has said he stands for I quote: “a level-headed approach and avoiding extremes,” as well as moving towards societal cohesion and the social market economy. After the fall of the empire, the succeeding barbarian rulers copied Roman administrative practice; thus it came about that the writing offices of medieval territorial rulers, both secular and ecclesiastical, were presided over by a chancellor (sometimes an archchancellor, or a vice-chancellor). In the legal system of the United Kingdom, the term can refer to two officials: Some U.S. states, like Delaware, Tennessee, and Mississippi, still maintain a separate Court of Chancery with jurisdiction over equity cases. In German politics, the Bundeskanzler position is equivalent to that of a prime minister and is elected by the Bundestag ("Federal Diet", the directly elected federal parliament) every four years on the beginning of the electoral period after general elections. Define chancellor. And the voting is done by secret ballot.If the person the President nominated is not elected, the Bundestag elects its own within two weeks. However, in Spain the term canciller refers to a civil servant in the Spanish diplomatic service responsible for technical issues relating to foreign affairs. The chancellor is the principal record-keeper of a diocese or eparchy, or their equivalent. It is often used as a synonym to the full titles of the ministers of foreign affairs. His office is within the "chancery". He or she must get voted in by the majority. The federal government consists of the chancellor and his or her cabinet ministers. In the 16th century the Chancery is officially described as the permanent secretariat of the executive and legislature. 3. countable noun. The chancellor is also the official notary on all of the documents issued by the diocesan bishop. The title chancellor is also the name in many countries of the heads of small archive offices, of the heads of universities, and of some orders of chivalry. In the United Methodist Church, each Annual Conference has a Conference Chancellor, who is the Annual Conference's legal adviser and representative. In England, the Consistory courts of the Church of England are each presided over by a Chancellor of the Diocese. In post-WW2 West Germany? Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of Germany. Bismarck. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Chancellor 1.1. Chancellor (Latin: cancellarius) is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations. chancellor (Noun) An important notary; a person in charge of some area of government, often justice or finance. ), London: Printed … Web site of the Berne Chancellery (French version) www.rr.be.ch/rr/fr/index/der_regierungsrat/der_regierungsrat/staatsschreiber.html. The "royal sealer" (xtmtj-bity or xtmw-bity), a title which conveyed a certain rank at the royal court, attested since the First Dynasty (about 3000 BC). Parliament) and has the task of supporting the Grand Council and the Executive Council in carrying out their tasks. During the Weimar Republic (1919-1933), the Chancellor was chosen by the Reichspräsident and stood under his authority. The heads of the New York City Department of Education and the District of Columbia Public Schools, who run the municipally-operated public schools in those jurisdictions, carry the title of Chancellor. In Britain, the Chancellor is the Chancellor of the Exchequer . ...Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany. ... (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the head of the government in several European countries. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. If this candidate gets a majority of the entire membership of the Bundestag, he or she will be sworn in immediately as new Federal Chancellor.[1]. Chancellor: A secretary, secretary of state, or minister of a king or other high nobleman. What does a Vice-Chancellor do? This continued (formally) during the first two years of the Nazi regime until the death of President Paul von Hindenburg in 1934. He is the chief magistrate in the government of the university. Omissions? The Chancellor also determines … The Federal Chancellor is accountable to the Bundestag as regards government action. The Federal Chancellor (German: Bundeskanzler(in); French: Chancelier(-ière) fédéral(e); Italian: Cancelliere(-a) della Confederazione; Romansh: Chancelier(a) federal(a)) is the head of the Federal Chancellery of Switzerland, which acts as the general staff of the seven-member Federal Council.The Swiss Chancellor is not a member of the government, and the office of Chancellor … The chancellor of Germany, officially the federal chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundeskanzler() der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is the head of government and chief executive of Germany, as well as the commander in chief of the German Armed Forces during wartime. In England no chancellor wielded primatial political power after Cardinal Wolsey; the lord chancellor was traditionally head of the judiciary and president of the House of Lords until the office was redefined in constitutional reforms implemented in 2006. [10] In the eparchial curia a chancellor is to be appointed who is to be a presbyter (priest) or deacon and whose principal obligation, unless otherwise established by the particular law, is to see that the acts of the curia are gathered and arranged as well as preserved in the archives of the eparchial curia.[11]. On Wednesday (25 November) UK Chancellor Rishi Sunak presented his “Spending Review 2020” (SR2020) to Parliament, setting out the government’s spending plans for the coming year. The Federal Chancellor conducts the business of the Federal Government in accordance with the rules of procedure adopted by the Federal Cabinet and approved by the Federal President. [3] In the Canton of Berne, the Chancellor is elected by the Grand Council (i.e. In most Swiss cantons there is a State Chancellor who heads the central administrative unit of the cantonal government. A chancellor is the leader (either ceremonial or executive) of many public and private universities and related institutions. [8] The Chancellor of Justice (Õiguskantsler, currently Ülle Madise) supervises the legality of actions taken by the government and monitors the implementation of basic civil liberties.[9]. Vaughan to King Henry VIII.”, in State Papers Published under the Authority of Her Majesty’s Commission, volume VII (King Henry the Eighth. For 2019, annual revenues were $5.4 billion, and sponsored research topped $1.35 billion in funding. The chancellor’s authority emanates from the provisions of the Basic Law and from his or her … Vice-chancellors may be appointed to assist the chancellor in busy chanceries. As explained above, the Basic Law invests the chancellor with central executive authority. The Chancellor does not take part in running the university I’ll answer relative to the US, since that’s the case I know best. In England the member of the Cabinet in charge of finance is called the chancellor of the Exchequer; another Cabinet member, the chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, is a minister without departmental responsibility whose title derives from that of the official originally employed by the crown to manage the palatine duchy of Lancaster. The Chancellor of Austria, denominated Bundeskanzler for males and Bundeskanzlerin for females ("Federal Chancellor"), is the title of the head of the Government of Austria. The chancellor drafted the king’s decrees and privileges with increasing care and regularity. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As the Smithsonian is a research and museum system, its use of the title is perhaps best thought of as akin to a university's chancellor. The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the government’s chief financial minister and as such is responsible for raising revenue through taxation or borrowing and for controlling public spending. The Federal Chancellor must abide by agreements reached with coalition partners t… Likewise, the ministry of foreign affairs in Spanish-speaking countries in the Americas is referred to as the Cancillería or in Portuguese-speaking Brazil as Chancelaria. In order to avoid any misunderstanding, the head of the German Federal Government is therefore usually called by the official title Bundeskanzler (Federal Chancellor). The federal government consists of the chancellor and his or her cabinet ministers. The Chancellor of a British university is the official head of the university. (wikipedia chancellor) (en noun) A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction. They spearhead the growth of these institutions to academic excellence by developing a vision plan and creating linkages with external organizations. In Denmark, the office of chancellor (or royal chancellor) seems to have appeared in the 12th century, and until 1660 it was the title of the leader of the state administration (a kind of a "Home Office" but often with foreign political duties). Normally, the chancellor is a priest or deacon, although in some circumstances a layperson may be appointed to the post. He or the chamberlain kept lists of fiscal tenants and their obligations on the lord-king’s estates and in towns for use in verifying the service of provosts who collected the rents and profits… The chancellery is responsible for the publication of all federal laws. Chancellor definition is - the secretary of a nobleman, prince, or king. There are two ancient Egyptian titles sometimes translated as chancellor. A senior secretary or official with administrative or legal duties, sometimes in charge of some area of government such as finance or justice.quotations ▼ 1.1. ...as the Chancellor arrived. In Germany from 1871 and in Austria from 1918, the title Kanzler (“chancellor”) has been held by the prime minister. The office was introduced by Charles XII of Sweden in 1713. No contest. He or the chamberlain kept lists of fiscal tenants and their obligations on the lord-king’s estates and in towns for use in verifying the service of provosts who collected the rents and profits…, …the president nominates the federal chancellor and the chancellor’s cabinet appointments, whom the president may dismiss upon the chancellor’s recommendation. Refer to the £400 million that the government provided in 2019 ’ s decrees and privileges increasing. Chief minister of State in certain parliamentary governments, as in Germany Austria! 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